If you wish to use material published in books and journals that falls within the scope of the economic rights but not one of the exceptions to copyright, in some cases a licence may be offered by a collective licensing body:
- Photocopying, digitisation and some other uses of much literary material is licensed by the Copyright Licensing Agency (CLA) . Copying of some artistic works may be included;
- Other use of artistic works may be licensed by the Design and Artists Copyright Society (DACS) ;
- Photocopying of many newspapers is licensed by the Newspaper Licensing Agency (NLA) ;
- The Authors Licensing and Collecting Society (ALCS) may be able to help with other licences from authors;
- The Publishers Licensing Society (PLS) may be able to help with other licences from publishers;
- Use of some TV programme listings is licensed by Broadcasting Dataservices ;
- Copying of religious music is licensed by Christian Copyright Licensing International (CCLI) .
If you are unhappy about the terms and conditions offered by a collective licensing body, you may be able to seek independent adjudication on the matter from the Copyright Tribunal.
If you wish to use published material and there is no collective licensing, you may be able to get a licence from the copyright owner and one of the above organisations.