Intellectual Property Act 2014
The Intellectual Property Act 2014 modernises intellectual property (IP) law to help UK businesses better protect their IP rights in the UK and abroad. The provisions all aim to support business in driving economic growth, encourage innovation and expand the range of economic sectors in the UK. The Act also implements the reforms to the design IP framework which flow from the Hargreaves review of Intellectual Property and Growth in 2011.
The Intellectual Property Bill was considered by Parliament between May 2013 and April 2014. It received Royal Assent on 14 May 2014 and became the Intellectual Property Act 2014.
The main benefits of the Act are to:
- save UK businesses up to £40 million per annum in language translation costs when applying for Europe-wide patent (£20,000 per patent)
- simplify and strengthen design protection for the UK's hugely important design sector
- make the IP system clearer and more accessible to small and medium-sized businesses
- ensure the UK IP system is operating efficiently
The provisions in the Act will start to come into force from 1 October 2014.
What is changing?
The IP Act includes measures that will:
- make it easier for business to understand what is protected under design law, in order to aid innovation and make investment in the design sector safer and clearer
- make design ownership clearer to encourage trade in design intangible assets and reduce costs for business
- strengthen design protection through the introduction of criminal penalties for copying UK registered designs, helping designers enforce their rights
- introduce a design rights opinions service with the aim of enabling more IP disputes to be settled without resorting to expensive and time-consuming litigation
- provide a power to implement the Unified Patent Court based in London. This will help to introduce a single patent system in almost all EU countries making it possible for British businesses to protect their inventions across countries in a single patent. Any disputes about patents in the field of pharmaceuticals and life sciences will be held in the UK part of that court
- allow the UK to share information on unpublished patent applications to help clear existing application backlogs and speed up clearance times at other patent offices
Please email any enquiries to the IP Bill Enquiries team.
What does it mean for me?
The IPO have produced an overview (70Kb) of contents and main themes of the Act.
We have also produced plain English guides for businesses: 'What does the Intellectual Property Act mean for you?', explaining what some of the changes to IP law on Designs (287Kb) and Patents (293Kb) mean.
More detailed guidance for business is also available:
- 1 October 2014: Changes to design and patent law (GOV.UK document collection)
The documents below provide background or relate to earlier stages of the IP Bill’s passage through Parliament. They may not reflect the final wording of the Act.
- Intellectual Property Act 2014 - May 2014
- The Hargreaves Review of Intellectual Property & Growth (1.38Mb) - May 2011
- The Government Response to the Hargreaves Review (402Kb) - August 2011
- Consultation on the Reform of the UK Designs Legal Framework (1.1Mb) - July 2012
- Government Response to the Designs Consultation (642Kb)
- Consultation on expansion of the IPO Patents Opinions Service (934Kb) - June 2012
- Government response to the IPO Patents Opinions Service Consultation (180Kb)
- Consultation on Changes to the Patents Act 1977 (680Kb) - December 2012
- Government response to the Changes to the Patents Act 1977 Consultation (473Kb)
- Justice Committee's Report into the Post-legislative scrutiny of the FOI Act 2000
- Government response to Justice Committee's Report into the Post-legislative scrutiny of the FOI Act 2000
- Mark-up of the existing legislation (225Kb) - note that this document reflects the version of the Bill as it entered the House of Commons, and does not reflect the final version which received Royal Assent.
- Summary (155Kb) of the government's planned secondary regulations
- Intellectual Property Bill [HL] 2013-14