Trade mark decision

BL Number
Decision date
15 November 1999
Hearing Officer
Mr M Knight
Registered Proprietor
Pomaco Ltd
Applicant for Revocation & Invalidity
Reed Consumer Books Ltd
Sections 46(1)(a), 46(1)(b) and 47(2)(b) with reference to 5(4)(a)


Section 46 - Revocation failed

Section 47 - Revocation failed

Points Of Interest

  • 1. Printed matter - what is covered by this term
  • 2. Books - what constitutes a book
  • 3. See also O/401/99
  • 4. The applicants for Revocation appealed this decision to the High Court. See decision dated 22 February 2000 [2000] FSR 734. In that decision Mr Justice Jacob allowed the appeal and granted partial revocation.


Discussion as to whether or not the term "printed matter" provided cover for "books". Registered Proprietor's had some use of their mark in relation to paper and cardboard articles, some of which were printed, and produced in book format. Applicants claimed that such items were stationery items and not books. Having considered the matter the Hearing Officer concluded that the term "printed matter" covered a wide range of books such as exercise books, order books etc; also in this case a booklet containing a collection of poems. Use held to be genuine even though no sales figures provided.

With regard to "passing off" which was the ground at issue under 47(2)(b) and 5(4)(a) the Hearing Officer concluded that the applicants had a goodwill in the business of producing goods under the mark MINERVA which was protectable at the relevant date. However, he found no misrepresentation by the Registered Proprietors or likely damage to the applicants. Revocation therefore failed.

Full decision O/402/99 PDF document34Kb